European everyday life around 1800
Upheaval in an age of art
The end of the eighteenth century was a time of upheaval. There was not only the French revolution, but also the industrial revolution and, following the Enlightenment, there had been an intellectual revolution as well.
The advent of ‘modernity’ saw the birth of the properly political citizen, the powerful customer, the popular philosopher, and above all: the self-made, self-educated subject.
There was a new consciousness of the individual and of individual consciousness. All of this was expressed in an age of art: because this time was not only about the Enlightenment, but was the beginning, too, of European Romanticism.
The hairdresser's story
Seán is currently writing a cultural history of modernity since the eighteenth century, told as a biography of the hairdresser.
The word hairdresser was coined in eighteenth-century England; the character was also called the coiffeur and friseur, terms that passed through French, English, German and other vocabularies in the same period.
Seán’s next book, under contract with Reaktion, narrates and illustrates the story of this social figure since the eighteenth century, showing that the hairdresser’s history is shaped in no small part by its history of representation: in literature, opera, and film.
‘Literary’ sources are especially important because many of the more empirical, everyday ones are no longer extant, or do not reveal much. The history of the hairdresser’s representation, meanwhile, performs this character’s development in modern culture since the eighteenth century entertainingly and — most importantly — in a critical way.
Seán is available to give talks on this subject, and on many other quirky topics from the long eighteenth century.
LISTEN AND READ
Radio, articles and books
Read articles and listen to a selection of Seán’s radio programmes, which explore how the big names from literature and philosophy around 1800 were as concerned with major changes in everyday life as an ordinary local vicar, hairdresser, apothecary… or proud poodle-owner.
Rambling Reflections: On Summers in Switzerland and Sheffield
In the footsteps of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Philipp Moritz – from the peace of Lake Biel to the rugged Peaks – Seán Williams considers the connection between walking and writing.
Listen: The Rise and Fall of the Hairdresser
BBC Radio 3: New Generation Thinkers, episode 5 of 5
Seán Williams considers the depiction of hairdressers in prints and prose and the role they have played in society, from ETA Hoffman to Balzac and beyond.
Listen: A Sentimental Journey
BBC Radio 3: Free Thinking series
Sean Williams rereads Laurence Sterne’s 1768 travel book, talks to novelist Philip Hensher, and to Nick Hunt about about walking Europe’s winds.
Listen: Louisa Egbunike and Sean Williams
BBC Radio 3: Sunday Feature
Louisa Edbunike and Seán Williams discuss Afrofuturism and German Lieder.
Listen: Proms Extra – Sentimentality
BBC Radio 3: Arts & Ideas series
Seán Williams joins a panel to discuss Friedrich Schiller’s essay On Naïve and Sentimental Poetry and what it means to be sentimental in that period.
Read: ETA Hoffmann and the Hairdresser around 1800
Article by Seán M Williams. Free to read and share.
Read: Pretexts for Writing – German Romantic Prefaces, Literature, and Philosophy
Buy Seán’s latest book on the period around 1800.
Dr Seán Williams
Seán Williams is a Lecturer in German and European Cultural History at the University of Sheffield. Sean is an expert on German and Comparative Literature, especially of the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Before coming to Sheffield in 2015, he taught German and comparative literature at the University of Bern in Switzerland. His current book project looks at cultural history since the eighteenth century through the prism of the figure of the hairdresser. Seán Williams publishes in English and in German and is a regular contributor to radio (in both the UK and abroad), and his research has also appeared on television.
Seán was named a BBC New Generation Thinker in 2016. He has appeared on BBC television and frequently speaks on radio – in the UK and abroad, in English and German. He writes for general audiences in magazines such as BBC History and History Today, and the newspapers The Guardian and Neue Zürcher Zeitung, among others.